Educational Philosophies – there are 5.
Hi there! I started looking at Educational Philosophies as it tied in well with my blog on philosophies yesterday. Hopefully I will find which one or more South Africa uses in their model. I did find some interesting information on schooling in South Africa which I will publish tomorrow while we are on the subject of schooling and education. I find it somewhat comforting now that I have grandchildren to find it organized and with what seems to be a plan.
But first I need to tie up philosophies.
There are five basic philosophies of education
This is a very conservative and inflexible philosophy of education. It is based on the view that reality comes from fundamental fixed truths-especially related to God. It believes that people find truth through reasoning and revelation and that goodness is found in rational thinking.
As a result, schools exist to teach reason and God’s will. Students are taught to reason through structured lessons and drills.
Idealism believes in refined wisdom. It is based on the view that reality is a world within a person’s mind. It believes that truth is in the consistency of ideas and that goodness is an ideal state to strive to attain.
As a result, schools exist to sharpen the mind and intellectual processes. Students are taught the wisdom of past heroes.
Realism believes in the world as it is. It is based on the view that reality is what we observe. It believes that truth is what we sense and observe and that goodness is found in the order of the laws of nature.
As a result, schools exist to reveal the order of the world and universe. Students are taught factual information.
Experimentalism believes that things are constantly changing. It is based on the view that reality is what you experience. It believes that truth is what works right now and that goodness comes from group decisions.
As a result, schools exist to discover and expand the society we live in. Students study social experiences and solve problems.
Existentialism believes in the personal interpretation of the world. It is based on the view that the individual defines reality, truth and goodness.
As a result, schools exist to aid children in knowing themselves and their place in society.
Students learn what they want and discuss subjects freely.
When reading on the web about the philosophy used in South African education, I do not find direct mention of any of the above five philosophies. The closest that I can come in my capacity as someone not employed in the education sector, is that South Africa has been through some major paradigm shifts regarding educational philosophies to find a working “African” model. There is much hype about an African Renaissance and people taking responsibility for their own education. The other African idea that seems to be incorporated into our educational philosophy is that of “UBUNTU”, which hurts me to think was not a part of old “white” South Africa. The reason for this is because “UBUNTU” refers to humanness, the concept of generosity, love, hospitality, politeness, understanding and humility. It has to do with treating others and cultural differences with respect and dignity. Could this perhaps be our educational philosophy?
I end this with a quote by Nelson Mandela, from his book “Long Walk to Freedom”:
“Education is the great engine of personal development. It is through education that the daughter of a peasant can become a doctor, that the son of a mineworker can become the head of the mine, that a child of farmworkers can become the president of a great nation. It is what we make out of what we have, not what we are given, that separates one person from another.”
Tomorrow I will give you some comforting facts on education in South Africa. For now I will suffice to say that I have much faith that all will end well.
I include a website that i found interesting.
Click here for the website