On religion and politics – People will NEVER agree… Not even psychologists.
Yesterday I showed you their Numerology charts. Today, as promised, I will give you a short description of what they were known for and their religious views. I find their religious views interesting as they would have come about through a combination, probably, of their childhood experiences, the community they grew up in and what the “norm” was at school and in their extended families as kids. This would be coloured with their extensive studies and research into the effect that all of this has on the psyche. Everybody seems to go through a phase where they are searching for meaning, some just more than others. With all their 7`s they would have delved deep, believe you me!
The following is a section of a song I love titled Irish Son, and explains that religion is not chosen as a child but given. Feel free to listen to it on YouTube.
This is the city that raised me
With the religion they gave me
I had to laugh and post a photo of Freud. Yesterday I said that with the two 5`s in the birth grid (from his birth date 6/5/1856) he would have a permanent frown of intensity between the eyes. Well, the character lines have definitely become etched for eternity! LOL!
Sigismund Schlomo Freud
Sigmund Freud, an Austrian, (he changed his name) may be one of the best known figures in history, but he is also one of the most controversial. He was the founder of the school of psychology known as psychoanalysis. His father was a Jewish wool merchant. Sigmund’s early experience was that of a Jewish outsider in an overwhelmingly Catholic community. Freud believed that sexual desire was the primary motivational energy of human life. He interpreted dreams as a clue to unconscious desires. He noted the similarity between religious belief and neurotic obsession. Freud regards God as an illusion, based on the childish need for a powerful father figure. He argues that religion, which was necessary to restrain violent impulses earlier in the development of civilization, can now be set aside in favor of reason and science. Freud thought that if you introduce religion to a child before he can think for himself, it would lead to a prohibition (forbidding by authority), of thought and of mental and emotional control of impulses through repression. “The whole thing is so patently infantile, so foreign to reality, that to anyone with a friendly attitude to humanity it is painful to think that the great majority of mortals will never be able to rise above this view of life. It is still more humiliating to discover how a large number of people living today, who cannot but see that this religion is not tenable, nevertheless try to defend it piece by piece in a series of pitiful rearguard actions.”
Karle Gustav II Jung
His father was a poor rural pastor in the Swiss Reformed Church. Carl Jung (he also changed his name) was a Swiss psychiatrist who is known for his concepts of archetypes and the collective unconscious. Jung is often considered the first modern psychologist to state that the human psyche is “by nature religious”. He did, however, explore Western and Eastern philosophy, alchemy, astrology, literature and the arts. Jung was convinced that life has a spiritual purpose beyond material goals. Our main task, he believed, is to discover and fulfill our deep innate potential, much as the acorn contains the potential to become the oak, or the caterpillar to become the butterfly. Based on his study of Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Gnosticism, Taoism, and other traditions, Jung perceived that this journey of transformation, which he called individuation, is at the mystical heart of all religions. It is a journey to meet the self and at the same time to meet the Divine. Unlike Sigmund Freud, Jung thought spiritual experience was essential to our well-being. The Jungian interpretation of religion regards the personal experience of God, for scientific purposes, as a communication with one’s own unconscious mind. He decided that religion was a psychological phenomenon only, and neither affirms nor denies a greater reality. He also enjoyed a friendship with an English Roman Catholic priest. Carl Jung had spirit guides, one of who was named Philemon. Jung’s ideas laid the foundation for the widely used Myers-Briggs personality test and influenced the creation of Alcoholics Anonymous.
John Broadus Watson
John B. Watson is often referred to as the “father of behaviourism.” In his opinion, the analysis of behaviours and reactions was the only objective way to get insight into human actions. John was born in the rural farm country of South Carolina. His father loved his whiskey and was a notorious womanizer. His mother`s main interests were her farm, her children, and her religion. In her house, both God and the Devil were full-time residents. He grew up to reject religion as an outdated form of social control, believing his behaviourist approach would prove more efficient. John wanted to outlaw religion, which he said excused “failure and weakness.” He believed family life destroyed the child’s individuality and independence. A bit of parenting advice from his 1928 book: “Never hug and kiss them, never let them sit on your lap. If you must, kiss them once on the forehead when they say good night. Shake hands with them in the morning.” He messed up many families with his ideas which are still embraced by some people to this day. Children have born the brunt of his ideas for a few generations.
Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt
His father was a Lutheran minister. Wilhelm Wundt is best-known for establishing the very first psychology lab in Germany. He is also known for his “Völkerpsychologie”. He was not interested in the specific nation’s history or a tribe’s language as such, but only in the general psychological developments that arise from the connection of individuals. It is through the study of the psychological motives only apparent in history or language —i.e., in communal existence — that our understanding of the individual is completed. Wundt believed that man’s soul – if indeed he had one – was irrelevant, as man could only be understood in terms of physically observable phenomena. A search for the spiritual nature of man, he reasoned, was a waste of time as there was no psyche.
He was the son of an independently wealthy and notoriously eccentric Swedenborgian theologian. William James is often referred to as the father of American psychology. He wrote influential books on the young science of psychology, educational psychology, psychology of religious experience and mysticism, and on the philosophy of pragmatism (A practical, matter-of-fact way of approaching or assessing situations or of solving problems). James spent almost his entire academic career at Harvard. He reckons that if an individual believes in and performs religious activities, and those actions happen to work, then that practice appears the proper choice for the individual. James distinguished between institutional religion (a belief in the usefulness or sanctity of established institutions – churches, I think he means) and personal religion. James was most interested in understanding personal religious experience. He said “God is not known, He is understood, He is used”. He believed religious experiences should be judged by their fruits and not by their roots. He was a member of the Metaphysical Club. He also believed that science was neglected in the study of religion.
Now you know a little more. Hopefully I have given you food for thought. Please note that I actually don`t care what religion you are as long as you are HONESTLY and TRULY living your Truth. I care because any emotions you are suppressing will take their toll and prevent you from being all that you can.
Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it. Do not believe in anything simply because it is spoken and rumored by many. Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books. Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders. Do not believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many generations. But after observation and analysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, then accept it and live up to it.
Until next time….